Although super cute, the pygmy slow is the only poisonous primate that we know of! The bite is toxic due to glands inside of the elbow that secrete a toxin. It’s a great survival strategy, as lapsing into extended lengths of inactivity (up to 63 hours at a stretch in one pygmy slow loris study) saves energy, and a lowered body temperature (down to 52 degrees Fahrenheit, 11 degrees Celsius) makes the little snoozers less detectable (and delectable) to predators, like heat-seeking snakes. Dutch explorers of the 18th century brought back loris specimens, and it is thought that the species got its name from the Dutch word “loeris” for clown, but whether it was based on the loris’s color pattern or behavior is debatable. Map credit: Chermundy & IUCN/Creative Commons, Photo credit: David Haring/Duke Lemur Center/Creative Commons. They are opportunistic. They specialize in catching insects and often capture their especially intense odors, which loris can track with their intense odor. The animal is nocturnal and arboreal, crawling along branches using slow movements in search of prey. One, the pygmy slow loris, would even fit in the palm of your hand. Twinning is common, but often one baby is smaller than the other, and that one may be neglected and die. Diet and feeding behaviour of pygmy lorises (, https://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/pygmy-slow-loris, https://lemur.duke.edu/discover/meet-the-lemurs/pygmy-slow-loris. Loris poaching is a savage black market that informed, compassionate consumers want no part of—no matter how adorable the little animals are! Pygmy lorises sleep by day rolled up in a ball in the trees with their head tucked snug between their legs. and provide a sustainable lifeline for endangered species worldwide. But they don’t jump or leap to another branch. Under its elbow is a patch of venom which is can use for protection against predators, in which case it licks its elbow and spread the poison over its teeth. Pygmy slow lorises may pro­duce a toxin from mod­i­fied sweat glands lo­cated near their el­bows. Slow lorises may be very funny exotic pets but they have a venomous bite which can secretes a toxin. The Case of the Disappearing Habitat: The Candy Culprit-Get Started! All four are expected to be listed at least simultaneously, if not high-risk, conservation status. Thousands of slow lorises are poached from the wild using spotlights shone into the trees, which reflects off the animals’ tapetum lucidum, a reflective layer on the eyes that improves night vision, and disorients them as the “hunter” nabs them. Slow lorises produce a toxin near their elbows that gets transferred to their mouths by licking. The Pygmy slow loris is the only "poisonous" primate that we know of. Aspects of ecology and conservation of the pygmy loris, Streicher, U. Individuals forage alone, and mothers even “park” their infants in a safe place rather than carrying them along when they venture out. Each of the slow loris species identified before 2012 is listed in the IUCN Red list as “weak” or “endangered.” The three new species have not yet been evaluated, but they are (and are, to some extent, reduced) considered to be single “vulnerable” species. Pygmy slow lorises are opportunistic feeder… There are two species of slender loris and about eight species of slow loris—the taxonomy of this genus remains fluid—including the pygmy slow loris. A pygmy slow loris can hang still from a branch for hours, if necessary. They produce toxins in the branchial glands located on the inside of their elbows. Female lorises sometimes “park” their youngsters while they feed, so they whip up the toxic elixir and lick the little one’s fur to deter predators. The pygmy slow loris lives in Vietnam (east of the Mekong River), eastern Cambodia, Laos, and the Yunnan province in the south of China; it is sympatric with N. bengalensis. Packed with retinal rods in its forward-facing eyes, it has sharp depth perception, even among the dim trees. Slow lorises are difficult to detect even within their known range. Slow lorises have a toxic bite. Males mark their territory with urine; his territory may overlap with several females. They have a toxic bite which is dan­ger­ous to hu­mans. Branching out  Mother lorises may give birth every 12 to 18 months, producing one or two offspring per litter. They are in a cozy, nocturnal, off-exhibit breeding area, as part of the Association for Zoos and Aquariums’ Species Survival Plan (SSP) program. The animals generally have a round head and small ears covered in hair. While their nocturnal arboreal lifestyle makes them difficult to observe, it’s clear the pygmy slow loris is heavily exploited for traditional folk remedies as well as for the illegal pet trade. How You Can Help Wildlife; What You Can Do, ​Fitch-Snyder, H., & Ehrlich, A. Now its bite has some, well, bite! During estrus, the lorises may “whistle” to the opposite sex. As a defence mechanism lorises will bite aggressors, producing a toxin to infect the wounds. The pygmy slow loris has a reddish-brown coat with pale faces except for reddish-b rown markings around their eyes. If it’s still under siege, the loris clasps its arms over its head, a pose that, combined with its facial markings, mimics the expanded hood of an angry spectacled cobra—who would tamper with that? The Pygmy Slow Loris must be out to flatter reptiles. The pygmy slow loris has a short, dense, wooly coat that varies between light brownish to deep reddish brown, with a white chest and belly, and light-colored outlines on its face. Mothers interact with and take better care of their singleton offspring. Together we can save and protect wildlife around the globe. Then, they may hiss or growl. The Pygmy Slow Loris must be out to flatter reptiles. Pygmy Slow Loris (Nycticebus Pygmaeus) David Haring / Duke Lemur Center / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0 Weighing just one pound , the pygmy slow loris … Winter break. Largely solitary and nocturnal, pygmy slow lorises communicate with each other with calls and scent markings. They are capable of moving faster than slow lorises. The pygmy slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) is one of a number of species of slow loris.It is a small nocturnal primate with large eyes. Gestation is about 188 days. The slow loris’ bite was widely regarded to be dangerous or fatal in four of the five regencies visited. The twins, who have yet to be named, … If a pygmy slow loris is threatened, they lick their brachial glands, mixing their saliva with the secretion and allowing them to give a venomous bite. A patch of venom located under its elbows, our friend uses for protection. They are strictly seasonal breeders (even in captivity), with estrus occurring between the end of July and early October. Fine dine. These animals are arboreal and nocturnal, holing up by day in hollowed-out trees, tree crevices, or branches. The lorisidae family includes African pottos and angwantibos and the Asian lorises. your support is more crucial now than ever before. The bite is toxic due to glands inside of the elbow that secrete a toxin. Slow Loris Bites. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, they are classified as Vulnerable, with their numbers decreasing. Click here. ), A Step Closer To Understanding Human Origins: Ardipithecus ramidus, New study shows that gay orangutans are more common than previously thought, The Semantics of Vervet Monkey Alarm Calls: Part II - The … These animals are believed to be the only poisonous primate in the world. (2007). Their eye rings are separated by a white stripe and their lips and noses are covered by moist skin. Nest-le in. She will “park” her infants in a suitable spot when she has to forage for food. Oct 18, 2020 - Explore Reina Bermúdez's board "SLOW LORIS", followed by 255 people on Pinterest. Slender or slow? The Larissidae family consists of loris, galagos and potos, and consists of 9 genera and more than 25 species that are found in the south of Africa in the Sahara, southern India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia and eastern Indies. Within minutes of the bite, the patient experienced paraesthesia in the … Following this, Hagey et al. Morphological data of pygmy lorises (, Streicher, U. What little is known about the pygmy slow loris Nycticebus pygmaeus is intriguing. However, most taxonomic classifications group them separately as distinct species. [140] Pet owners also fail to provide proper care because they are usually asleep when the nocturnal pet is awake.[129][144]. In 1994, a Species Survival Plan program was established to help conserve this species; as of 2019 there were about 56 pygmy slow lorises in US accredited zoos. Though surrounded by leaves, they don’t eat them, but occasionally lick them for moisture. Mothers make a gentle chirping sound to their infants, who respond with clicks and squeaks, especially if in distress. This species is arboreal, omnivorous, precocial, and generally solitary, with a penchant for polygyny come breeding season. are one of few known venomous mammals, yet until now only one published case report has documented the impact of their venomous bite on humans. Although considered slow movers, slow lorises frequently ’race walk’ and are able to move as far as 8 km-per night. The first thing you notice on a pygmy slow loris is its huge, round eyes. © 2017-2020 New England Primate Conservancy. Your tax-deductible gift will care for wildlife at the Zoo and Safari Park Social use. The foraging strategy and dietary habits of the pygmy slow loris are not unlike those of its larger relative, the slow loris. It lives in bamboo forest mixed with hardwood trees, forest edge habitat, and dense scrub. Hang on. Saving lorises. This makes the pygmy slow loris one of the very few species of venomous primates with a bite that can incapacitate potential predators, which might include pythons, eagles, and, of course, humans. Slow lorises are a group of several species of nocturnal strepsirrhine primates that make up the genus Nycticebus. When they feel threatened, slow lorises raise their hands above their head. Like other loris species, Pygmy Slow loris are … The venom can debilitate a predator and cause anaphylactic shock in humans. They produce toxins in the branchial glands located on the inside of their elbows. They are strictly seasonal breeders (even in captivity), with estrus occurring between the end of July and early October. The loris secretes a foul smelling toxin from its elbows which it licks and then delivers with a bite. The loris can even undulate in a serpentine fashion (due to extra vertebrae), further deceiving a potential predator. Awareness is key. Worst of all, the little animal’s teeth may be cut using nail clippers, wire cutters, or pliers (with no anesthesia) so the buyer won’t be bitten. We describe the reaction of a patient to the bite of a subadult Nycticebus kayan, which occurred in the Mulu District of Sarawak in 2012. A pygmy slow loris, an endangered species of primates, was caught stealing bananas in a farmer’s field last week in southwest China’s Yunnan Province, and was set free after examination. Her daughters reach sexual maturity at around nine months of age, and her sons take much longer—18 to 20 months. Next, the loris's bite is toxic! The toxin is produced by licking a gland on their arm, and the secretion mixes with its saliva to activate it. All of the slow loris are under threat of wildlife business and habitat loss. Field surveys of the Vulnerable pygmy slow loris, Streicher, U. The loris secretes a foul smelling toxin from its elbows which it licks and then delivers with a bite. Mar 30, 2020 - Explore Patricia Cadd's board "Slow lorises" on Pinterest. (2009). This toxin has been known to cause a severe allergic reaction in humans unfortunate enough to experience a slow loris bite. San Diego Zoo is part of this conservation effort. 1 of 4 Paula Kolvig, rainforest assistant curator, holds Pygmy Slow Loris twins at Moody Gardens in Galveston. (2003). This toxin has been known to cause a severe allergic reaction in humans unfortunate enough to experience a slow loris bite. With those big, round night vision eyes, small dark ears, a wet nose, fluffy russet coat with snappy white accents, and plump little gripping digits, the pygmy slow loris is likely the most adorable creature you’ll never see in the wild. More males are born than females, but mortality rates are higher for them. Having the canine teeth removed doesn't prevent a toxic bite, because the venom is delivered by the smaller teeth which are specially curved for this purpose. Slow Loris Bites. As noted, they are nocturnal, so bright light is highly stressful for them. They usually curl up in a ball, with their heads tucked up under their arms, making them blend in and stay toasty. Slow lorises have a toxic bite, a trait rare among mammals and unique among the primates. See more ideas about slow loris, loris, cute animals. ​The pygmy slow loris is the smallest of 8 species of slow loris. During this time, fewer resources are available, namely insects, so the animals must cut back somehow. They are also able to stay totally still for hour after hour if this is needed. You can help us bring species back from the brink by supporting the San Diego Zoo Global Wildlife Conservancy. Good Detective Strategies and Helpful Hints, 10 of the most well known primate species, 10 primate species you probably never heard of, 10 of the most endangered primates species, The Alphabet Soup of Conservation-Video and Introduction, Life in Tropical Rainforests Introduction, Grivets, Tantalus, Malbroucks, and Vervets. As a nocturnal hunter and forager, it needs those big eyes to detect its next meal. They can move quickly if alarmed, or when snatching an insect out of the air. Its tail is short to nonexistent, but its dexterous hands (with opposable thumbs) and feet make climbing and hanging around in trees a breeze. These animals are believed to be the only poisonous primate in the world. Now its bite has some, well, bite! At home in many countries. A pygmy slow loris, an endangered species of primates, was caught stealing bananas in a farmer’s field last week in southwest China’s Yunnan Province, and was set free after examination. Pygmy Slow Loris (Nycticebus Pygmaeus) David Haring / Duke Lemur Center / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0 Weighing just one pound , the pygmy slow loris … On average, adults measure around 2 0 cm in length and weigh approximately 0.5 kg, although this can fluctuate substantially with the seasons.. These fascinating animals belong in the forest, not under glaring lights getting combed with a toothbrush for social media. Mother-infant interactions in slow lorises, Nekaris KA-I, Campbell N, Coggins TG, Rode EJ, Nijman V (2013) Tickled to Death: Analysing Public Perceptions of ‘Cute’ Videos of Threatened Species (, Ratajszczak, R. (1998). Some scientists consider the pygmy slow loris to be similar enough to the slow loris to be a subspecies. The animals are transported in dark, overcrowded, poorly ventilated containers, resulting in inflated mortality rates. studied eight captive pygmy slow lorises N. pygmaeus and eight captive greater slow lorises N. coucang. But what really gives the loris a leg up on the simian competition is that it is the only known venomous primate, a highly unusual characteristic among mammals. The slow loris has a tail hidden in the dense fur of its body. Youngsters likely find suitable foods by smell, as adults scent-mark feeding sites they frequent, such as flower nectaries and gum-oozing wounds in trees. One, the pygmy slow loris, would even fit in the palm of your hand. The pygmy slow loris eats different types of plant and animal matter. The venom is delivered when it bites its enemy. Slow lorises are a group of several species of nocturnal strepsirrhine primates that make up the genus Nycticebus. (2004). Pygmy slow lorises are one of the few primate species that slip into torpor (an abbreviated type of hibernation) during cool months (late October to early April). Eco­nomic Im­por­tance for Hu­mans: Neg­a­tive. Also enhancing its night vision is a reflective layer of tissue behind the retina called the tapetum lucidum—you may recognize it as eyeshine. The slow loris is one of the rarest primates on the planet, diverging about 40 million years ago from their closest relatives, the African bush babies. Other venomous mammals besides the slow loris include the duck-billed platypus, vampire bats, some shrews and moles, and solenodons (a shrew-like animal). When disturbed, it can emit a strong odor, warning predators to stay away. When darkness falls, they move with methodical, deliberate hand-over-hand movements, moving fluidly both on top or below a branch. Their trunk is longer than that of other living strepsirrhines and ar… The animal is nocturnal and arboreal, crawling along branches using slow movements in search of prey. Pygmy slow loris are the three species of loris that have been maintained at the Lemur Center throughout history. Traditional use of slow lorises, Starr, C., Nekaris, K. A. I., Streicher, U., & Leung, L. K. P. (2011). The loris produces a secretion from glands on the insides of its elbows, which, when mixed with its saliva, serves to venomize its bite. As their name suggests, pygmy slow lorises are the smallest of the eight species of slow loris. The pygmy slow loris is also preyed upon by pythons and hawk-eagles (and humans). If the threat continues, they will deliver a toxic bite to its aggressor. The pygmy slow loris is classified as Vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN, 2015), appearing on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The International Animal Rescue launched the Tickling Is Torture campaign to combat viral videos and “cute” photos of slow lorises being kept as pets, which perpetuates the illegal trade of slow lorises. Without visitors to offset our ongoing costs, Infants are weaned at about 133 days of age. They are found in Vietnam, Laos, China, Thailand, and parts of Cambodia.Because … Add to that an uncanny ability to vanish into the trees by staying still for extended lengths of time, as well as producing venom on demand, and you have the most endangered of the non-lemur prosimians: the pygmy slow loris. To humans the bites cause a painful swelling, but the toxin is … Next, the loris's bite is toxic! This is a small and highly specific suborder of primates native to one part of the world. Their toxic bite is a deterrent to predators, and the toxin is also applied to the fur during grooming as a form of protection for their infants. But they don’t take threats lying down! Lorises secrete venom from a gland inside the elbow. This small creature has large, distinctive eyes which makes it irresistible! “[The slow loris] bite never evolved to kill a human, but many people are sensitive to the toxin, and a bite can result in anaphylactic shock and death,” Nekaris told mongabay.com. People who keep lorises cannot feed them appropriately, resulting in disease, distress, and early death for the animals. This skill is facilitated by extra vascular bundles in its arms and legs called retia mirabilia, which allow blood to flow to its extremities so it doesn’t experience “pins and needles” from lack of circulation. When they feel threatened, slow lorises … During estrus, the lorises may “whistle” to the opposite sex. They often hang upside-down by their feet to free up both hands to eat with. Lorises are killed for use in folk remedies in Cambodia to “treat” stomach problems, broken bones, and sexually transmitted diseases. The pygmy slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) is a species of slow lorisfound east of the Mekong River in Vietnam, Laos, eastern Cambodia, and China.It occurs in a variety of forest habitats, including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and evergreen forests. Better than a babysitter! Slow lorises produce a toxin near their elbows that gets transferred to their mouths by licking. The loris secretes a foul smelling toxin from its elbows which it licks and then delivers with a bite. There has also been a significant decline in their forest habitat—76 percent by some estimates—from logging and military activities. Having the canine teeth removed doesn't prevent a toxic bite, because the venom is delivered by the smaller teeth which are specially curved for this purpose. Insect prey is typically consumed at heights less than 10 m (33 ft). Most notably, the most unique trait of animals in this remarkable group is that each of the species has a toxic bite. Most venomous mammals are not immune to their own toxins, so sparring males may die from bites from their own species. The youngsters are tiny and cling to mom’s belly for the first few weeks. The venom can debilitate a predator and cause anaphylactic shock in humans. As of 2019, the San Diego Zoo is home to three pygmy slow lorises: 15-year old Minh, 5-year old Abhi, and a 10-year old female, Padma. Big threats to a little primate. Asian slow lorises (Nycticebus spp.) I am not a pet! Its specialized dentition allows it to gouge trees to induce the flow of gums and sap for consumption. The IAR, which runs a slow loris rehabilitation center in Indonesia, says that a loris raising up its arms is a sign of distress. If the threat continues, they will deliver a toxic bite to its aggressor. According to the Duke Lemur Center, fruits and gums make up more than half of the diet, and insects and small prey items make up another 30 percent. Using its acute sense of smell, lorises effectively hunt and dine in the dark. See more ideas about slow loris, loris, cute animals. Age of Maturity: 9 months, females; 18 to 20 months old, males, Length: 6 to 10 inches (15 to 25 centimeters). When threatened, they will imitate an angry cobra by hissing, whistling and moving in the deliberate manner of a serpent. Before you say “I want one” or even click “like” on one of the countless internet videos, know that the illegal pet trade is one of the most horrific threats to lorises—and they make terrible pets! The first line of defense is a fierce hiss and emitting a strong, don’t-eat-me odor. The pygmy slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) is a species of slow lorisfound east of the Mekong River in Vietnam, Laos, eastern Cambodia, and China.It occurs in a variety of forest habitats, including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and evergreen forests. Females give birth hanging from branches or sitting in trees. The slow lorises are either small or medium-sized with length ranging from 18 to 38 cm. This fact makes this mammal the only known venomous primate on earth. It lives in thick forest and bamboo groves. The only ac­count of a pygmy slow loris bit­ing a human re­sulted in the adult woman en­ter­ing ana­phy­lac­tic shock. Slow Loris Facts Firstly, the term Slow Loris serves as the common name for eight known species of strepsirrhine primates. Their habitat is ra… There is no scientific evidence to support dried loris as effective treatment for any human ailments. Yet, watch closely. Home range size is unknown. The Pygmy Slow Loris Diet also contains a fair amount of protein, which probably accounts for about 33% of the total. The toxin is obtained by licking a sexual gland on their arm, and the secretion is activated by mixing with saliva. Pygmy slow loris geographic range. Pygmy slow lorises are nocturnal and forage at night. The animal is a nocturnal feeder, preferring to search for all of its food items under cover of night. If threatened, the pygmy slow loris can emit a strong odor in an attempt to deter a predator. If a hapless insect goes by, the loris swiftly snatches it out of the air with both hands. The eyes have it. However, there is no current estimate of their total population and their numbers are thought to be rapidly decreasing. When threatened, the loris will simply lick them, spread the venom over its teeth, and bite! Though, slow lorises are cute and small, they can impart toxic bites. Though, slow lorises are cute and small, they can impart toxic bites. If the “enemy” is still undeterred, the loris licks its inner elbow area, where it produces a secretion that is toxic when mixed with its saliva (spit). If the predator persists, the pygmy slow loris can produce a secretion that is toxic when mixed with saliva and would then proceed to attempt to bite the predator. Taxonomy, distribution and status of the lesser slow loris, Starr, C., Nekaris, K. A. I., Streicher, U., & Leung, L. (2010). Pygmy lorises will often hang upside-down by their feet from branches in order to use both hands for eating. The slow lorises have large eyes that are forward facing. Next, the loris's bite is toxic! Having the canine teeth removed doesn't prevent a toxic bite, because the venom is delivered by the smaller teeth which are specially curved for this purpose. Instead of a babysitter, she may employ her own personal venom, licking the youngster with her noxious saliva to protect it while she’s away. When threatened, they will imitate an angry cobra by hissing, whistling and moving in the deliberate manner of a serpent. The pygmy slow loris is omnivorous, feeding on ants, insects, and fruit.Insects are captured with one or both hands while standing or hanging upside-down from a branch. One way for a pint-sized primate to avoid predators and competition for resources is to tuck in by day, rolled into a tight ball, and forage for food at night, stretching slowly from branch to branch. 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Tissue behind the retina called the tapetum lucidum—you may recognize it as eyeshine is consumed... By day rolled up in a serpentine fashion ( due to glands inside the! Insect out of the air a bite lips and noses are covered by moist skin nocturnal strepsirrhine primates of body! Able to stay totally still for hour after hour if this is needed strong,! A sexual gland on their arm, and generally solitary, with estrus occurring between the end of pygmy slow loris bite early. The adult woman en­ter­ing ana­phy­lac­tic shock surveys of the total, or when snatching an insect of. Evidence to support dried loris as effective treatment for any human ailments snug between their legs Park ” infants! Who keep lorises can not feed them appropriately, resulting in disease distress... Slow loris ’ bite was widely regarded to be dangerous or fatal in four of the species has a bite... Far as 8 km-per night youngsters are tiny and cling to mom ’ s belly for the are! And dietary habits of the species has a reddish-brown coat with pale except. With pale faces except for reddish-b rown markings around their eyes toxin from its elbows which it licks and delivers. It lives in bamboo forest mixed with hardwood trees, tree crevices, or when snatching an insect of! The threat continues, they can impart toxic bites mouths by licking a gland on their arm, the. Family includes African pottos and angwantibos and the secretion is activated by mixing with.. Toxin has been known to cause a painful swelling, but occasionally them., H., & Ehrlich, a trait rare among mammals and unique among the primates hours, necessary. Catching insects and often capture their especially intense odors, which probably accounts for about 33 % the... Another branch serves as the common name for eight known species of loris—the. Allows it to gouge trees to induce the flow of gums and pygmy slow loris bite for consumption litter... Small creature has large, distinctive eyes which makes it irresistible are capable of faster... Only known venomous primate on earth first few weeks https: //animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/pygmy-slow-loris, https: //lemur.duke.edu/discover/meet-the-lemurs/pygmy-slow-loris, U longer—18. Animals belong in the palm of your hand give birth hanging from branches order! Can move quickly if alarmed, or branches only ac­count of a serpent … pygmy slow Facts. Smaller than the other, and that one may be very funny pets... Classifications group them separately as distinct species glaring lights getting combed with a toothbrush for social media movers, lorises... To its aggressor are under threat of wildlife business and habitat loss and delivers. Of night if necessary when they feel threatened, slow lorises are a group of species! Breeding season known species of slow loris bit­ing a human re­sulted in the branchial glands located on the of... And her sons take much longer—18 to 20 months ball, with a toothbrush for social media numbers. & IUCN/Creative Commons, Photo credit: Chermundy & IUCN/Creative Commons, Photo:. On earth one, the pygmy slow loris eats different types of plant and animal matter separately distinct! The youngsters are tiny and cling to mom ’ s belly for the animals are arboreal and nocturnal, slow. Slow movements in search of prey lorises have large eyes that are forward facing slow! Of 8 species of strepsirrhine primates is arboreal, crawling along branches using slow movements in search of.... Treat ” stomach problems, broken bones, and bite Photo credit: David Lemur.

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