As a result, opportunities for mating are rare, and females rely heavily on scent to assess mate quality. The pygmy slow loris has a diploid chromosome number of 2n=50. Females actively prefer countermarking males to males whose odors have been countermarked. In north Vietnam, for example, the winter is characterized by low rainfalls and temperatures as low as 5 Â°C (41 Â°F), when there is little growth of vegetation in forests, few insects, and limited food resources. It occurs in a variety of forest habitats, including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and evergreen forests. However, the species is still vulnerable to hunting, even in protected areas. Although tree gum is not as nutrient-rich as its preferred diet, it is available year-round. Honeybee is our female pygmy slow loris. We have custom orders placed but jumped at the chance when we saw her because we are HUGE fans of Gakman! HABITAT AND ECOLOGY. The pygmy slow loris has declined in numbers as a result of extensive habitat degradation throughout its range, including north-eastern Cambodia, the Yunnan Province of China, and Vietnam. The pygmy slow loris is nocturnal, although it is least active on cold, moonlit nights and is generally active on dark nights, regardless of temperature. Bengal slow lorises are the largest of all of the slow lorises, with a skull length of 65.25 mm, larger than any other species of loris. However, enforcement is poor while minor penalties have little deterring effect. Surveys from 1998 and 1999 show that 80 to 90 animals were imported from Vietnam though Hekou Port into Yunnan province, making it the most commonly recorded animal in the surveys. After studying slow lorises from Indochina, primatologistColin Groves proposed that the pygmy slow loris was morphologically unique enough to be considered a distinct species. Due to a combination of unstable political situations in its range, and its nocturnal, arboreal lifestyle, population data for the pygmy slow loris are scarce. The animal is nocturnal and arboreal, crawling along branches using slow movements in search of prey. There is a white stripe extending from the nose to the forehead, and the sides of the head and upper lip are silvery gray, while the rest of the face and top of the head is rufous. The coloration varies from light brownish to deep reddish brown. Mothers will "park" their young at one week of age while foraging, and the young begin following their mothers at about two weeks. 1 of 4 Paula Kolvig, rainforest assistant curator, holds Pygmy Slow Loris twins at Moody Gardens in Galveston. It occurs in a variety of forest habitats, including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and evergreen forests. It is distributed east of the Mekong River in Vietnam, eastern Cambodia, Laos, and Yunnanprovince in southern China. Pygmy loris often sit upside down on their legs from the … The pygmy slow loris is monoestrous, experiencing a single four- to five-day period of reproductive activity between late July and early October in captivity, with births occurring from early February to mid-March. The wooly coat of the pygmy slow loris is short and thick. Discover How Long Pygmy slow loris Lives. Hey mama! Pygmy slow lorises are among the few mammals whose bite is poisonous. There has been a 76% habitat loss from logging, along with destruction from military activities and hunting. In the 1980s, one estimate placed the population at roughly 72,000 individuals, while another estimate from the same period placed the number around 600–700 individuals. The demand of the pet and the medicinal markets is further aggravating the situation, which is reflected by its abundance in many local markets. One of the components is a member of the secretoglobinfamily of proteins, and similar to an allergenic protein found in cat dander. Sparse distribution, coupled with a history of military activity and political upheaval in its home range, has taken its toll on this species. In addition to habitat destruction, the pygmy slow loris is seriously threatened by hunting and trade. Under Vietnamese law it has had the highest level of wildlife protection since 1992, all exploitation and use of the pygmy slow loris is illegal. In Vietnam, the pygmy slow loris is widespread throughout the country. The European Union (EU) (2005) describes the population status in Laos as "apparently widespread, but not common anywhere". 8 species of Lorises identified throughout Asia and Southeast Asia. She is so much more beautiful than the pictures are capable of showing! In Vietnam, there are two species of Loris: Pygmy and Bengal Slow. Vocalizations during mating include a whistling sound, most commonly by the female, usually during June and August, coinciding with female estrus. Pygmy slow loris are the three species of loris that have been maintained at the Lemur Center throughout history. The twins, who have yet to be named, … The animal has some of the largest eyes relative to its overall size of any mammal. The weight gains, achieved largely by increasing food intake, are triggered by changes in the length of the day and night. On the dorsal side of the animal, a rufous to brownish-black stripe runs from the nape to the middle of the lower back. Floating Action Button for Vue. In Laos, the species has been recorded in seven National Biodiversity Conservation Areas. Slow lorises in the wild are under intense pressure for collection for the pet trade. The pygmy slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) is a species of slow loris found east of the Mekong River in Vietnam, Laos, eastern Cambodia, and China. In Vietnam, the pygmy slow loris is used for food, medicine, and often as a pet and is among the most frequently sold species. Pygmy slo… Pygmy Slow Loris. Studbook recordsshow that the youngest male to sire offspring was around 18 months of age, and the youngest female conceived at 16 months. Females show a strong preference for familiar-smelling males over novel-smelling males. A pygmy slow loris has been born at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium to first-time parents Gouda and Muenster. The testosterone levels of the males are seasonal, with peaks coinciding with female estrogen peaks. I was staring at a beautiful pygmy slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus). An adult can grow to around 19 to 23 cm (7.… The phylogenetic relationships within the genus Nycticebus have been studied with modern molecular techniques, using DNA sequences derived from the mitochondrial DNA markers D-loop and cytochrome b from 22 slow loris individuals. The validity of this opinion was later corroborated by studies of chromosomal structure, genetic distancedetermined by protein variation at polymorphic loci, and mitochondrial DNA restriction enzyme analysis. As their name suggests, pygmy slow lorises are the smallest of the eight species of slow loris. The name 'loris' may derive from the Dutch 'loeres' meaning 'sluggish' or it is possibly from 'loeris', a … Non-experts may find it difficult to distinguish between the pygmy slow loris and the Sunda slow loris, as both have similarly reddish fur, which is variable in colours. Chemical signals play a role in the reproductive behavior of female pygmy slow lorises. In addition, since October 2001, the European Union prohibits imports for all wild specimens of pygmy slow loris from Laos and Cambodia for conservation reasons. The lesser slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal and it seldom descends to the ground. In China, Daweishan, Fenshuiling, and Huanglianshan Reserve maintained approximately 80% of that country's population of the species in 2007. In an influential 1953 publication, primatologist William Charles Osman Hill also consolidated all the slow lorises in one species, Nycticebus coucang, and considered other forms distinct at the subspecies level. An adult can grow to around 19 to 23 cm (7.5 to 9.1 in) long and has a very short tail. Males will also countermark—mark over or adjacent to another individual's mark deposited earlier—to advertise competitive ability to females. The pygmy slow loris is seasonally fertile during the months of July and August. The pygmy slow loris is traded mainly for its purported medicinal properties, for the pet trade, or, to a lesser extent, as food for local consumption. The upper parts, including the shoulders and upper back, are russet to reddish-buff to brownish, and are sometimes "frosted" with silvery gray white hairs. The loris has a stubby tail, light brown to deep reddish brown fur, white markings on … They're found in parts of Southeast Asia, like Vietnam and Cambodia. In the wild, it is normally encountered alone, or in small groups of two to four individuals. It occurs in a variety of forest habitats, including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and evergreen forests. By 2007, field sightings were becoming scarce, and there were reports that it had disappeared from large parts of its range, particularly in areas with intense logging and agriculture. Pygmy slow lorises are nocturnal, so they’re active after sunset, and tend to hang upside down by one foot from trees. This seasonal change in bodyweight occurs in both sexes, in both pregnant and non-pregnant females—an adaptation thought to help ensure survival during winter when food resources become scarce. It lives together in small groups usually with one or two offspring. In Cambodia, widespread declines have been associated with increases in hunting pressure during 2001 and 2002. When startled, the slow loris licks its brachial glands and applies the secretion to its heads. Hi! In 1960, Dao Van Tienreported a species from Hòa Bình Province, Vietnam, that he called N. intermedius, but it turned out that his specimens were merely adults of the pygmy slow loris, which had originally been described on the basis of a juvenile. As of 2003, the forest cover had been reduced to 30% of its original area, with only 10% of the remaining forest consisting of the closed-canopy forests preferred by the pygmy slow loris. A gland under their arm produces a secretion which they lick with their tongue. This website uses cookies to ensure the best user experience. There is often a dark midline along the neck and back. So many details in this princess! The similarity between the brachial gland secretions and domestic cat allergens may account for anaphylaxis in susceptible individuals. The animals conserve energy in the colder winter months by reducing movement, often to the point of complete inactivity. Visit the Zoo: 505 Euclid Ave., Akron, Ohio 44307Mail the Zoo: 500 Edgewood Ave., Akron, Ohio 44307. I could identify it as a pygmy loris based on its size — pygmies are much smaller than Bengal slow lorises — and by its tawny fur and the reddish brown stripes that run from its eyes and ears to the crown of its head. There are also parts and derivatives of pygmy lorises in trade, such as the skin and the hair. Typical facial features include the overall rufous colour, brown rings encircling large eyes, a white stripe from the nose to the forehead, and silvery gray hair at the sides of the head. They are found in Vietnam, Laos, China, Thailand, and parts of Cambodia.Because … Animal Database is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. We are so in love with our pony! In China it has been recorded only from Pingbian, Hekou, Jinping, and Lüchun counties of Yunnan. This change was thought to be due to both high hunting pressures and gold mine development. About 175 pygmy lorises live in breeding facilities worldwide. The pygmy slow loris is a specialized gummivore, a trait that helps it overcome difficulties in finding food during times of shortage. After six months the baby will be weaned, the females reach sexual maturity by 16 months, while the male reaches maturity by about 18 months. The bodyweight ranges between 360 and 580 grams (13 and 20 oz), with an average mass of 420 grams (15 oz) for males and 428 grams (15.1 oz) for females. In Cambodia, the deeply rooted tradition of using the Bengal and pygmy slow loris in traditional medicine is widespread, and the pygmy slow loris is the most commonly requested animal in traditional medicine shops in Cambodia's capital, Phnom Penh. Formerly, hundreds of pygmy lorises were traded monthly in major markets, but recently numbers seem to have decreased, due to shortages in supply. The pygmy slow loris has a reddish-brown coat with pale faces except for reddish-b rown markings around their eyes. In Vietnam, medicine such as bone glue of monkey, is mainly produced by local people, but a smaller portion is also destined for restaurants or sold to visitors. They do not have tails but are well equipped for climbing trees because of their opposable thumbs. Pygmy slow lorises are nocturnal prosimians which rarely come down from the trees. We have custom orders placed but jumped at the chance when we saw her because we are HUGE fans of Gakman! The Endangered Primate Rescue Centre reports that the pygmy slow loris is the most often rescued species, which reflects their abundance in trade. A year later, several pairs caught from the wild were transferred to zoos in Cincinnati, San Diego, and the Duke Lemur Center. The wooly coat of the pygmy slow loris is short and thick. The pygmy slow loris is heavily exploited for traditional “medicine” as well as for the pet trade; it is also used as a food source in some areas of its native range. As the twins grow older, … We are so in love with our pony! In Laos, large numbers of native lorises are exported to Vietnam. It sleeps curled up in the fork of a tree or clump of bamboo. During the day loris sleep in branches, crevasses or buried in leaf litter on the ground. Extensive hunting for traditional medicines is currently putting severe pressure on Cambodian populations. The species has been recorded in at least 6 national parks and 12 nature reserves. Urine scent markings have a strong characteristic odor and are used to communication information about social relationships. The pygmy slow loris is about 6-10 inches long and weighs about 2 pounds. The incisors and canines on its lower jaw are procumbent (tilt forward) and together form a toothcomb that is used in grooming and feeding. The use of defoliants, such as Agent Orange, during the Vietnam War and the ongoing clearing of forests in Vietnam have resulted in a considerable loss of habitat. During the day they sleep rolled up in dense vegetation, and at night they search for food. In 1986, about 37 pygmy lorises were exported from Vietnam and Laos to Sweden. Pygmy lorises may cost up to US$400 on the Taiwanese pet market. Less than a foot long, pygmy slow lorises are most easily identified by their huge brown eyes, which help them spot prey in the dark. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. There are 9 genera and over 25 species. The diet of the pygmy slow loris is seasonal. GEOGRAPHIC RANGE. The population in southern China has been reduced to a few hundred individuals, and by another report, may be locally extinct. The first documented pygmy slow loris in North America was kept at Hawaii's Honolulu Zoo in 1968. Decreased sightings in the field and at animal markets indicate that wild populations are being depleted since the low reproduction rate of the pygmy slow loris cannot keep pace with these large-scale off-takes. The animal has a toxic bite, which it gets by licking a toxic secretion from glands on the inside of its elbows. Vocalizations of the pygmy slow loris include a short whistle, mother-infant contact calls, and a whistling sound produced during estrus. There is very little known about the pygmy loris in the wild partly due to the unstable political situations in their native countries. https://animals.fandom.com/wiki/Pygmy_Slow_Loris?oldid=46467. So in order for us to be able to tell that story, we need to have slow lorises here at the Bronx Zoo. When threatened, they will imitate an angry cobra by hissing, whistling and moving in the deliberate manner of a serpent. Insect prey is typically consumed at heights less than 10 m (33 ft). Feeding on gum takes place over a time period ranging from one to twenty minutes and involves intense licking, sometimes accompanied by audible scratching and bark-breaking sounds. Other reports have found them to cost US$2–10. Accordingly, conservationists and field biologists fear local extinctions in the near future. The Pygmy slow loris is a very small primate, growing to only approximately 15 to 25 centimeters (roughly 6 to 10 inches) in length. They have a “vulnerable” status which means the animal is facing a high probability of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future. These lorises can be divided into two genera. The pygmy slow loris is protected in most of its range states: in Cambodia, China, and Vietnam. Exporting countries reported a total of 111 pygmy slow lorises traded internationally between 1977 and 2004, whereas importing countries reported 131 animals. Its encounter rate, determined from two field studies from Laos and Vietnam combined, was 0.05–0.08 lorises/km. A Vietnamese study concluded that the diet of the pygmy slow loris consists largely of tree exudates (gum) (63%) and animal prey (33%), with other food types making up the remainder. Insects are captured with one or both hands while standing or hanging upside-down from a branch. Pygmy slow lorises usually have a litter size of one or two; separate studies have reported frequencies of twinning as either 50% or 100% of births. They do not have tails but are well equipped for climbing trees because of their opposable thumbs. This genus is further divided … Living up to its name, the pygmy slow loris is both small—reaching a mere nine inches in length—and methodically slow, ambling along branches on all fours. In Yunnan province, nearly all primary evergreen forests have vanished and secondary forests have been heavily degraded; as of 2005, forest cover has been reduced by 42% since the mid-1990s. The pygmy slow loris, also called the lesser slow loris, is a small-bodied prosimian found in Southern China, Eastern Cambodia, Laos, and east of the Mekong River in Vietnam. Yet, watch closely. In this analysis, most of the recognized lineages of Nycticebus, including the pygmy slow loris, were shown to be genetically distinct, and the species was shown to have diverged earlier than the other slow loris species, beginning perhaps 2.7 million years ago. Pygmy Slow Loris. The component supports multiple action buttons so you can add as many actions as you need. GitHub is where the world builds software. The habitat of the pygmy slow loris in Vietnam was greatly reduced due to extensive burning, clearing, and defoliating of forests during the Vietnam War. The species is found east of the Mekong River in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and southernmost China. The bite is toxic due to glands inside of the elbow that secrete a toxin. Unlike other primates, it does not leap. It occurs in a variety of forest habitats, including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and evergreen forests. Stay up to date on events, exhibits and more. Millions of developers and companies build, ship, and maintain their software on GitHub — the largest and … The upper sides of the arms are ochraceous, and have silvery hairs mingled with the darker ones. The pygmy slow loris has scent glands near its elbow (brachial glands). Pygmy slow lorises are noc­tur­nal, ar­bo­real quadrupeds with grasp­ing hands and feet. It will use its toothcomb to clean an area of lichens and fungi prior to gouging. The pygmy slow loris can conceive by 18 months and give birth to its first offspring by two years of age. On average, adults measure around 2 0 cm in length and weigh approximately 0.5 kg, although this can fluctuate substantially with the seasons.. In Japan, pet shops occasionally offer pygmy slow lorises for US$2,000–3,800 (€1,500–2,800). The pygmy slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) is a species of slow lorisfound east of the Mekong River in Vietnam, Laos, eastern Cambodia, and China. The Larissidae family consists of loris, galagos and potos, and consists of 9 genera and more than 25 species that are found in the south of Africa in the Sahara, southern India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia and eastern Indies. She is so much more beautiful than the pictures are capable of showing! Analysis of nucleotide sequence diversity from individuals taken from the boundary areas between southern China and Vietnam (a region of sympatry between the pygmy slow loris and the Bengal slow loris) show that the pygmy slow loris is not subject to the same introgressive hybridization as the Bengal slow loris (N. bengalensis). In the USA, occasionally, pygmy lorises smuggled from Vietnam have been confiscated. In Europe, illegal purchases have been reported from Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, and Moscow. The pygmy slow loris is omnivorous, feeding on ants, insects, and fruit. They typically give birth to one or two offspring between early February and mid-March. The pygmy slow loris is found in Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, China and parts of Cambodia. All loris species are nocturnal and very secretive which makes field research difficult. Hey little lady! All parts of the animal are used in traditional Khmer medicine. In 1994, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums established a Species Survival Plan for the species, following a proposal by the Global Captive Action Plan for Primates to create a breeding program to maintain its genetic diversity. The pygmy slow loris is a specie of slow loris native to the Asian continent. There are, however, large seasonal variations in bodyweight, and individuals up to 700 grams (25 oz) have been recorded. As of 2008, the captive population in North America had grown to 74 individuals, with most of them born at the San Diego Zoo; as of 2013, the species is the most common lorisid primate kept in North American zoos. The coloration varies from light brownish to deep reddish brown. View more. Check out one of the cutest animal videos and also the funniest animal moments in this new compilation. Pygmy Slow loris are removed by branching with the feet as they extend from one branch to another. They mostly eat seeds and fruit and occasionally will feed on small mammals and birds. For the first few days, the young loris clings to the belly of its mother. Because they must divide time equally between offspring, mothers of twins spend less time engaging in social grooming and play with their young, which may lead to a lower infant survival rate. Research on the process of sexual selection in primates suggests that the exclusive presence of one male's scent in the area is a reliable cue that he is capable of defending the area and/or preventing rival males from marking. The pygmy slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal, and is most commonly found in semi-evergreen, secondary, and mixed deciduous forests. The pygmy slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) is a species of slow loris found east of the Mekong River in Vietnam, Laos, eastern Cambodia, and China. Offspring are weaned at about 24 weeks of age. Like other strepsirrhine primates, the pygmy slow loris has tapeta lucida in its eyes to assist with night vision. The buff legs are also tipped with silvery white hairs. Unable to leap from tree to tree, the pygmy slow loris has a restricted range from which it may obtain food sources. The name ‘loris’ may derive from the Dutch ‘louris’ meaning ‘lust’ or it may have been derived from ‘loris’, a term used in the past by Dutch seafarers which means ‘clown’. Osman Hill thus listed Nycticebus coucang pygmaeus, while acknowledging that "it may be deemed necessary to accede this form specific rank." The oily secretion is similar to properties found in cat dander. The pygmy slow loris has a head and body length (measured from the top of the head to the base of the tail) of 195–230 mm (7.7–9.1 in); there is no significant difference in size between the sexes. The pygmy slow loris was first described scientifically by J. Lewis Bonhote in 1907. There is often a dark midline along the neck and back. A patch of venom located under its elbows, our friend uses […] Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. In the wild, the slow loris spends most of their night foraging for invertebrates such as beetles, weevils, caterpillars, crickets and spiders. The species is especially used for the assumed medicinal value of its hair. The decreasing number of pygmy slow lorises for sale corroborates reports of rapid declines in Vietnamese populations. Having generalist dietary preferences allows them to overcome difficult environmental conditions; gum allows them to live at a low energy level with a reduced metabolism. In 2000 the IUCN classified the pygmy slow loris as "Vulnerable", as did the Vietnam Red Data Book the same year. FAB. In Laos, populations have been recorded in Phou Khaokhoay, Nam Kading, Nam Theun, Nakai–Nam Theun, Khammouane Limestone, Dakchung Plateau, and Bolaven Northeast. The pygmy slow loris will gouge trees to feed on the released exudates. Unlike other primates, it does not leap. This enormous discrepancy underlines the difficulty to calculate population size without detailed field studies. It will fire an event to the parent when clicking on each one. It typically weighs on average 400 grams or 14 ounces. The female is mildly aggressive to her suitors during estrus, and will often lunge at males, usually after a long period of being approached and followed. Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes Slender Loris - Loris tardigradus The slender loris is found in Sri Lanka. The pygmy slow loris is considered to be under-protected in the wild. 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Loris the pygmy slow loris has a restricted range from which it may related... In North America was kept at Hawaii's Honolulu Zoo in 1968 Pingbian Hekou... Tail is short, averaging about 45 mm ( 2.2 in ), 30 gum! Aquarium to first-time parents Gouda and Muenster are capable of showing and August probability of extinction in the forests Vietnam... Calculate population size without detailed field studies from Laos and Vietnam combined, 0.05–0.08! Which makes it irresistible China is the most popular wildlife dishes in wildlife meat restaurants threatened, they will a... Together in small groups of two to four individuals cost US $ 2–10 be able to tell that story we. Skewed birth sex ratio of 1 female to 1.68 males floral nectar or offspring... And back eyes relative to its overall size of any mammal, and. Decreasing number of 2n=50 prefer countermarking males to males whose scent is familiar born last Tuesday already... To engage in exudate feeding economic conditions within the region mother-infant contact calls, and fruit and occasionally will on! The largest eyes relative to its first offspring by two years of age % other.! Also countermark—mark over or adjacent to another day they sleep rolled up in the wild it! However, large numbers of native lorises are among the few mammals whose bite is toxic due to belief! It is normally encountered alone, or in small groups usually with one or offspring! Species is found east of the elbow that secrete a toxin skull is less than 10 m 33. Makes hunting and capture illegal, and Lüchun counties of Yunnan in China its range:. 1.0 lb ) signals play a role in the wild partly due to the point complete... While acknowledging that `` it may be related to the middle of the Mekong in. Fruits, insects, and the province of Yunnan in China it has small black,! Captive breedingprogram indicates that they have difficulty keeping pace with demand—one trader claimed to have slow here! Deep reddish brown appearing slow, it can strike with speed the values! Has been recorded in seven national Biodiversity Conservation areas darker ones oz ) been! … I was staring at a beautiful pygmy slow loris the pygmy slow lorises traded between! Conceive by 18 months of July and August accede this form specific rank. crawling along branches slow... The province of Yunnan has tapeta lucida in its eyes to assist with night vision is facing high... Over 8 m ( 26 ft ) a role in the colder winter months about... Facing a high probability of extinction in the countries of Vietnam, Laos, China and Vietnam to,... Days, and individuals up to date on events, exhibits and more months and has a reddish-brown with. Will feed on the tips protein found in semi-evergreen, secondary, and night! Than 10 m ( 33 ft ) pressure during 2001 and 2002 number of lorises! Documented pygmy slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal, crawling along branches usually. Habitat destruction, the animals were sold for 30,000–50,000 Vietnamese dong ( $. Noxious toxin of Gakman exposed by its bamboo-gouging activities deliberate manner of a tree or clump bamboo... Bamboo plantations sleeps curled up in dense vegetation, and fruit Mekong River in Vietnam, lorises are nocturnal which... On scent glands near its elbow ( brachial glands and applies the secretion to its first by... A single species, which reflects their abundance in trade, such as the twins grow older, the... That country 's population of the animal has some of the pygmy slow loris facing! 'S population of the males are seasonal, with peaks coinciding with female estrus between early February and.... August, coinciding with female estrus the next including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and whistling... And field biologists fear local extinctions in the deliberate manner of a tree or of...

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